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Bi-polar disorder - new drugs (No 66) - NICE has issued
guidance to the NHS in England and Wales on the use of olanzapine
and valproate semisodium in the treatment of acute mania
associated with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Disorder - Sometimes individuals experience severe
mood swings from periods of extreme depression to periods of
exaggerated happiness. This is known as bipolar disorder or
manic-depressive illness, an illness that involves episodes of
serious mania and depression. The individual's mood usually swings
from overly "high" and irritable (mania) to sad and hopeless
(depression) and then back again, with periods of normal moods
Bipolar disorder - A patient-oriented booklet about bipolar
disorder covering awareness, recognition, treatment and contact
advice. Published by National Institute of Mental Health of the
National Institutes of Health.
Bipolar Disorder: European Description - The ICD-10
Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders World Health
Organization, Geneva, 1992
Cyclothymic Disorder - Cyclothymic Disorder is a chronic
bipolar disorder consisting of short periods of mild depression
and short periods of hypomania, lasting a few days to a few weeks.
Separated by short periods of normal mood. Individuals with
cyclothymia are never free of symptoms of either depression or
hypomania for more than two months at a time. PsychNet.UK.
eMedicine: Bipolar Affective Disorder - Manic-depressive
illness (MDI) is one of the most common, severe, and persistent
mental illnesses. It is characterized by periods of deep,
prolonged, and profound depression that alternate with periods of
excessively elevated and/or irritable mood known as mania.
emental-health.com: Bipolar disorder - Answers to frequently
asked questions about bipolar illness or manic depression. For
service users, families, friends or anyone with concerns.
emental-health.com: Treating bipolar disorder - Drug
treatment, in combination with professional support and
counselling and education for the family can reduce the frequency
and severity of manic and depressive episodes, and allow people
with bipolar illness to get on with their lives. But some people
don't respond to existing drug treatments, and many have to endure
unpleasant side-effects. Future research in bipolar illness is
designed to tackle these problems.
Manic depression - This document is one of the Royal College
of Psychiatrists public-orientated "Help is at Hand" leaflets,
covering common mental health issues. This illustrated self-help
leaflet provides information on manic depression, including the
causes, symptoms, sources of help, and self-help and drug
treatment for controlling mood swings.
MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia: Bipolar disorder - Bipolar
disorder is characterized by periods of excitability (mania)
alternating with periods of depression. The "mood swings" between
mania and depression are often very abrupt.
MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia: Cyclothymic disorder -
Cyclothymic disorder, also called cyclothymia, is a mild form of
bipolar disorder, characterized by alternating episodes of mood
swings from mild or moderate depression to hypomania. Hypomania is
defined as periods of elevated mood, euphoria, and excitement that
do not cause the person to become disconnected from reality.
The Merck Manual: Bipolar Disorders - Thorough evaluation of
many persons with depression reveals bipolar traits, and as many
as one in five patients with a depressive disorder also develops
frank hypomania or mania. Most switches from unipolar to bipolar
disorder occur within 5 yr of the onset of depressive
The Merck Manual: Cyclothymic Disorder - Less severe hypomanic
and mini-depressive periods follow an irregular course, with each
period lasting a few days. Cyclothymic disorder is commonly a
precursor of bipolar II disorder.
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Thursday May 20, 2010