Pat Benner

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Pat Benner


Dr. Patricia E. Benner
R.N., Ph.D., F.A.A.N., F.R.C.N.

Patricia Benner was interested in the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition and applied it to nursing.  Her area of concern was not how to do nursing but, rather, "how do nurses learn to do nursing?"  She worked for several years in intensive care, then became a nurse researcher at the University of California at San Francisco, where she studied the nature of nursing practice and how nurses gain expertise. She published From Novice to Expert in 1984 and became a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing in 1985. She studied with Richard Lazarus, a social psychologist who developed a phenomenological theory of stress and coping.  She was also influenced by Heidegger, who stressed phenomenological descriptions of people, defined by their concerns, practices, and life experiences.  In other words, the knowledge embodied in the practical world is important for the development of the nurse's skills and ability to care.


Available Publications


From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice, Commemorative Edition
This coherent presentation of clinical judgement, caring practices and collaborative practice provides ideas and images that readers can draw upon in their interactions with others and in their interpretation of what nurses do. It includes many clear, colorful examples and describes the five stages of skill acquisition, the nature of clinical judgement and experiential learning and the seven major domains of nursing practice. The narrative method captures content and contextual issues that are often missed by formal models of nursing knowledge. The book uncovers the knowledge embedded in clinical nursing practice and provides the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition applied to nursing, an interpretive approach to identifying and describing clinical knowledge, nursing functions, effective management, research and clinical practice, career development and education, plus practical applications. For nurses and healthcare professionals.
Paperback: 307 pages
Publisher: Prentice Hall; 1st edition (January 15, 2001)
ISBN: 0130325228

Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgement and Ethics
University of California, San Francisco. Report of a six-year study of over 1,300 hospital nurses, primarily in critical care. Analyzes their clinical narratives for stages of clinical skill acquisition and the components of expert practice. 3 U.S. contributors. DNLM: Nursing.
Hardcover: 410 pages
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Telos; 1st edition (January 15, 1996)
ISBN: 0826187005

Clinical Wisdom and Interventions in Critical Care: A Thinking-In-action Approach
Based on the groundbreaking CLINICAL WISDOM AND INTERVENTIONS IN CRITICAL CARE text, this highly interactive computer program takes users through a single case as it moves through the emergency department, OR, PACU, and ICU. Full-motion video recreates the sights and sounds that a nurse on the scene would experience. Users' clinical decision-making skills will be put to the test in this realistic simulation!
Paperback: 588 pages
Publisher: W.B. Saunders Company; 1st edition (January 15, 1999)
ISBN: 0721675115

Stress and Satisfaction on the Job: Work Meanings and Coping of Mid-Career Men
Drawing on case studies of 23 men in mid-career, this unique book examines the various meanings of work and their relationship to work stress and coping.
Hardcover: 203 pages
Publisher: Praeger Publishers (July 15, 1984)
ISBN: 0275911276

Last Modified: Thursday May 20, 2010

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